In the following pages I present specific examples of areas in which some psychologists – and significant portions of the public – have been led into ethical traps as a result of a failure to appreciate the complex and ambiguous character of psychological knowledge, a failure to examine cultural assumptions, and the way in which these two failures can readily reinforce each other, leading one to misinterpret and overlook important psychological facts.
The issues considered in this section are as follows:
- Empiricism and Psychotherapy
- Memory and Sexual Abuse
- Race and IQ
- Psychology and Torture
- Qualitative versus Quantitative Research
- Semiotics, Coding, and Meaning